Technotes for future me

Kubernetes Network Policy Recipes


Kubernetes Network Policy Recipes

You can get stuff like this with Network Policies…

This repository contains various use cases of Kubernetes Network Policies and sample YAML files to leverage in your setup. If you ever wondered how to drop/restrict traffic to applications running on Kubernetes, read on.

Easiest way to try out Network Policies is to create a new Google Kubernetes Engine cluster. Applying Network Policies on your existing cluster can disrupt the networking. At the time of writing, most cloud providers do not provide built-in network policy support.

If you are not familiar with Network Policies at all, I recommend reading my Securing Kubernetes Cluster Networking article first.

NetworkPolicy Crash Course

NetworkPolicies operate at layer 3 or 4 of OSI model (IP and port level). They are used to control the traffic in(ingress) and out(egress) of pods.

Here are some NetworkPolicies gotcha’s

  • An empty selector will match everything. For example spec.podSelector: {} will apply the policy to all pods in the current namespace.

  • Selectors can only select Pods that are in the same namespace as the NetworkPolicies. Eg. spec.podSelector of an ingress rule can only select pods in the same namespace the NetworkPolicy is deployed to.

  • If no NetworkPolicies targets a pod, all traffic to and from the pod is allowed. In other words all traffic are allowed until a policy is applied.

  • There are no deny rules in NetworkPolicies. NetworkPolicies are deny by default allow explicitly. It’s the same as saying “If you’re not on the list you can’t get in.”

  • If a NetworkPolicies matches a pod but has a null rule, all traffic is blocked. Example of this is a “Deny all traffic policy”.

  ingress: []
  • Rules are chained together. NetworkPolicy are additive. If multiple NetworkPolicies are selecting a pod, their union is evaluated and applied to that pod.

Before you begin

I really recommend watching my KubeCon talk on Network Policies if you want to get a good understanding of this feature. It will help you understand this repo better.



Serving External Traffic


Controlling Outbound (Egress) Traffic


Created by Ahmet Alp Balkan (@ahmetb).

Copyright 2017, Google Inc. Distributed under Apache License Version 2.0 ,see LICENSE for details.

Disclaimer: This is not an official Google product.

Last updated on 19 May 2023
Published on 19 May 2023
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